A Review on King of Bitters: Andrographis paniculata
Chawla Payal*, Kaur Sukhmandeep, Kaur Arveet, Chawla Amit, Dhawan R.K.
Kalmegh, The King of Bitter is traditionally used plants in ayurvedic system of medicine.Its biological name is Andrographis paniculata (Nees) belonging to the family Acanthaceae. From the beginning, it has been used in ayurveda as anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antibacterial, Antidaibetic, Antispasmodic, anti-carcinogenic, antipyretic, antidiarrhoeal, hepatoprotective, nematocidal, anti-HIV and in many infectious diseases rangning from malaria to dysentery. Medicinal value of this plan is due to the presence a diterpenoid derivative Angrapholide and Neoandrographolide.Traditionally, its decoction has been used as hepatoprotective in treatment of jaundice.The roots of the plant was used to prepare decoction and thus the chemical acting as hepatoprotective must be present in roots of the plant.
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