Drug Utilization Evaluation For Postoperative Patients In Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department In A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital
T Lakshmi Suseela1, S Jaya Jyothi2 , T Mahendra3, E Sam Jeeva Kumar4
A growing number of pharmaceutical products are available in the world market and there has been an increase both in the consumption of the drugs and in expenditure on them. The main aim of the study was to analyze drug use pattern in a post-operative patients in obstetrics and gynaecology ward and to assess the prescribing indicators (WHO: Core Drug Use Indicators). A prospective, concurrent and retrospective observational study was conducted over a period of six months, after getting approval by the Institutional Ethics committee. A well designed patient data collection proforma for collecting the required data from post-operative patients by using chart review method in Obstetrics and Gynaecology ward of a tertiary care teaching hospital. The data was analyzed using descriptive analysis with the help of SPSS software. The results shown are a total of 582 cases were analyzed during the following study period. Out of 582 patients, 559 (96%) were prescribed with parenteral Cefotaxime and Metronidazole. Post-operative pain was managed with Tramadol (87%). All patients were prescribed with an antibacterial agent and analgesic (100%). The percentage of encounters with an injection prescribed was 100% in our study. Out of 19 different drugs prescribed, 16 (84.21%) were from the Essential Medicines WHO Model List (2015) and 10 (52.63%) were prescribed by their generic name. Accordingly, the study can be concluded as it provides valuable insight about the overall pattern of drug used in postoperative patients. The study is useful in decreasing the irrational prescription, which helps to decrease the morbidity and health care burden in the society.
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