Isolated Bacterial Pathogens In Urinary Tract Infection and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern In Hospital
Md. Ishtiaque Ahmad1, Syed Md. Javed2, Y. Muzzafari3
Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is commonest infections encountered in hospitals despite the widespread availability of antimicrobial agents UTI has become difficult to treat because of appearance of pathogens with Poly Antimicrobial antibiotics resistant bacteria which is emerging. Objectives: The aim and objectives of this study were to identify the prevalent etiological Bacterial pathogens of the UTI and to determine the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of pathogens isolated. Methodology: The present study was a cross sectional study carried out in a Narayan Medical College and Hospital Jamuhar, Sasaram in department of microbiology. From December 2010 to march 2012. Total 258 urine samples were tested bacteriologically and for antibiotic susceptibility using standard procedures. Results: Out of 258 urine samples 142 (55%) patients tested positive for culture out of 142 samples 125 gram negative bacteria 17 gram positive bacteria isolated, most commonly associated bacteria isolated were E.coli (57.60% ) followed by and Klebsiella spp (16.90%) Enterobacter spp (7.04%),proteus(5.63%),pseudomonas sp (3.52%) citrobacter(2.81%)etc. amongst the gram negative bacilli .Amongst the gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (8.45 %) was commonest. E. coli which was the main isolate identified was found to be highly susceptible to Meropenem(80.78%) Amikacin (70.4%) followed by Ciprofloxacin (68.14%) norfloxacin (80.92%) and Nitrofurantoin (48.58%). Ceftriaxone (68.74%),ceftazidime(70.42%) etc.
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