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Preliminary Phytochemical and Trace metal Screening from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

Abstract

Preliminary Phytochemical and Trace metal Screening from Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a perennial legume shrub belong to the family Fabaceae. Its application in respiratory infection, vermifuge properties, anti – ulcer, wound healing, dermatosis, convulsions, hepatoprotective is practised by the villagers. The aim of the present study focussed on the phytochemical constituents and Heavy metal concentration of Ethanolic extract of leaves from Cajanus cajan. The leaves were collected from Tiruchirappalli District, Southern India. The primary metabolites like Chlorophyll content, Carbohydrate, Protein and Lipids were present in the ethanolic extract of leaves. Likewise the secondary metabolites revealed the presence of the bioactive compounds such as Steroids, Sugar, Alkaloids, Phenols, Flavonoids, Tannins, Glycosides and Amino acids. The Trace metal concentrations were analysed from the powdered plant leaves by 797 VA Computrace Voltammetry, Mertrohm. This study will provide referential information of anti-microbial and anti-fouling efficacy of the plant Cajanus cajan.

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