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Prevelence of false smut of date palm in southren districts of khyber pakhthunkhwa Pakistan | Abstract

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology and Innovation (ajpti)

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Prevelence of false smut of date palm in southren districts of khyber pakhthunkhwa Pakistan

Abstract

Tariq Zaman Kohat

 Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is locally known as Khajoor is a flowering plant species belongs to the family Arecaceae. Dates have high nutritive value containing sugar, proteins, fibers, potassium, Iron and thiamine.They have high medicinal value and are used as a carminative, general tonic, aphrodisiac, antacid and for treating backache. Pakistan is the fifth largest producer of dates with 680107 tons in 2017/18. The production of Dates is adversely effected by climatic factors and diseases like Fruit rot, Omphalia root rot, Brown leaf spot, Bending Head, Sudden decline etc, among these graphiola leaf spot disease which is caused by Graphiola phoenicis is also effect production and growth of date palm. The aim of the present study was to find out the prevalence of false smut of date palm in study area. 3-5 sights were selected in each district and 50 plants were randomly selected, the incidence was determined by the formula, no of infected plants/ total no of plants×100, and prevalence was determined by formula, no of infected sights/ total no of sights×100. Morphological and molecular identification were also done in order to confirm the pathogen (Graphiola phoenicis) of the concern disease. It was observed that false smut disease is adversely affect growth and production of date palm in southern districts of Khyber PakhthunkhwaPakistan.

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