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Review on Diabetics and Anti-Diabetic Drugs

Abstract

Hasna Akter

 A very complex illness mainly caused by insulin deficit affecting world’s

most of the population is Diabetes.
The main types of the Diabetes are Insulin depended diabetes mellitus
(IDDM)-Type 1 or Non-insulin depended diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)-Type
2. Also Gestational diabetes (GDM) is other type observed mainly in the
women.
Type 1 diabetes mostly affects young people (known as juvenile-diabetes
mellitus) and develops ketoacidosis where insulin therapy is needed but is
not taken. Insensibility to insulin is Type 2 which could be the result of
these factors: secretion of abnormal insulin, manifestation and activity of
insulin antagonists or damage of aimed tissues. Gestational diabetes
(GDM) is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before,
have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy.
There are wide groups of drugs are available for the treatment of diabetes.
The present review found 78.3% patient adherence to antidiabetic drug
therapy. Although different prevalence of adherence were seen for each
factor studied, the association was not statistically significant. For the
specific treatment health providers assess adherence of patients to drug
therapy in the event of poor glucose control and presumed failure of the
prescribed therapeutic regimen. The review snapshots the type of
diabetes and the treatment of therein.

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