Study of Relationship between Blood Groups and Ischemic Heart Disease in Patients with Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery of Mazandaran Heart Center in Sari, 2012
S. Azizi1, Shervin Ziabakhsh Tabary2*
Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of mortality in the developing countries. In Iran 15 million from 70 million people suffer from cardiovascular disease. The most important risk factors are age; male sex; family history; hyperlipidemia; hypertension; diabete mellitus; obesity and smoking. Blood group was studied as a risk factor for many diseases like peptic ulcer, carcinoma of stomach, periodontal diseases and diabetes mellitus. With the background of conflicting results, the present study was done to evaluate association of ABO blood groups and Rh with IHD in our setting. This analytic comparative study was done at the department of Cardiology, Mazandaran Heart Center Sari .Total 1020 persons were included in the study. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 16. ANOVA and Chi-square tests for significance were used. P-value less than 0.05 was taken as significant. There is not any association between ABO blood groups and Rh with ischemic heart disease (IHD) in our setting. But this study, showed definite higher family history risk factor with Rh positive blood groups.
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