Nano based anti-Malaria drug dveloment
Hulda Shaidi Swai
Malaria is one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases. Each year over 2 million people are infected and around half a million die. Sadly over 90% of deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa where on average a child dies of malaria every 12 seconds. Currently there is no effective vaccine against malaria. The earliest drug was Quinine, which was discovered in 1820, but due to severe side effects it has lost its popularity. It’s successor chloroquine was very potent has been withdrawn as the malaria parasite has acquired resistance. Presently, Artemisia, a herbal-based compound is the only potent treatment. However, resistance has already been reported in Cambodia and Southern Asia.
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